Plant Profile

Galearis spectabilis (Orchis spectabilis): Showy Orchis

Family: Orchid

Location: Holliday Lake State Park: Lakeshore Trail; Bear Creek Lake State Park: just outside park on Anna’s Ridge in Cumberland State Forest

Bloom Period: May–June

Habitat: Rich, moist,  rocky deciduous woods with limy soil; often found with Spring Beauties and Hepatica on the edge of swampy areas

Interesting Fact:

  • Usually grows as isolated plant or in very small colonies
  • Has single short flower stalk with 1—10 flowers arising from tuberless rhizome
  • Recently re-classified fromOrchis genus to Galearis, as was originally proposed in 1836