Plant Profile

Aquiligia canadensis: Wild Columbine

Family: Buttercup

Location: Holliday Lake State Park: road into park; Bear Creek Lake State Park: near Lodge

Bloom Period: April–July

Habitat: Variable.  Edge of woods, stream banks, ridges; light shade to partial sun.

Interesting Facts:

  • Pollinated by hummingbirds and butterflies.
  • Found throughout the Eastern half of the United States.
  • Called Aquiligia because the bloom is supposed to resemble an eagle’s claw.
  • Called Columbine for the Latin word  Columba meaning dove.  Probably because the upside-down bloom is thought to resemble a ring of doves drinking at a fountain.
  • Native Americans used infusions of the plant to treat poison ivy, headaches, and many other ailments.